The ensemble ups the tempo to coincide with Charlie Collins and Archer's diametrically contrasting solo work as a sense of the macabre finds its way into the free jazz scenario. It's a fascinating listen, indeed! Exuberantly recommended Personnel: James Huggett: bass guitar, guitar, electronics, programming; Martin Archer: alto and sopranino saxophones, bass clarinet, violin, electronics; Mick Beck: bassoon; Charlie Collins: flute.
As with that release, Brock Avery improvised drum and percussion solos. Azure is the first of three extended play albums of compositions which will be released starting in January and followed up in April and July. Technically, the album is flawless, every song seems to flow perfectly within the construct.
People always say that the sophomore release is always the hardest, but Combat Astronomy show here that they're more than up for the task of recreating and exploring new areas of sound without losing what made them so great in the first place.
Fans of heavy guitar-Industrial music will love this album for sure. Ending a five-year hiatus of playing guitar, his new songs began to form around a core of thick, gritty bass guitar and martial programmed acoustic drums.
A conversation with fellow British improvisational musician and composer Martin Archer sparked sparked a highly productive collaboration that led to the landmark Combat Astronomy album 'The Dematerialised Passenger', released in This album has received wide ranging critical acclaim from influential titles including avant-garde periodical The Wire for its single minded and multi-dimensional modern progressive fusion of metal, free-jazz and ambient noise into a compelling and unique whole.
Of this work, Huggett says it "…harks back to Godflesh or God, along with Magma and perhaps Heldon - but always sounding like nothing other than itself. I just cannot emulate other genres or styles of music. I've tried, I've failed. Her voice manages to smoothen out the staccato breaks with a melodic dimension which lacks in the earlier material, and this opens up for a more flexible sound production. Among the better releases this year! This transatlantic outfit's third album sees them digging deeper into their unique seam of avant-Metal-Prog-jazz.
As on 's The Dematerialised Passenger, the driving force is James Huggett's brutally down-tuned fuzz-bass hooked onto precise, bludgeoning drum patterns. It's a little like High Hopper sitting in with doom-stoners Om - and it's not the only thing that brings Soft Machine to mind. UK reedsman Martin Archer, a noted Softs acolyte, brings some of Elton Dean's versatility to the mix, spraying keening squeals and honks over the relentless trudge, occasionally flying into a sweet lyricism that's all the more affecting for its incongruence and, on the extended instrumental, 'Alive Inside Eternity', locking into syncopated charts with an odd, brittle funkiness that conjures skeleton warriors on the dance floor.
The addition of vocalist, Elaine di Falco, brings another strange dimension: a kind of eyeliner-Gothic emotional delicacy, tucked inside Hugget's hefty riffs like a snow-white hand in a gore-spattered, chain-mail gauntlet. You won't hear another album like this all year.
George H. Wells was president in ; he was followed by the present Union Sulphur Company president, Herman Frasch Whiton, grandson of the famous Herman Frasch. During the years of industrial experiment and development the Union Sulphur company has always considered and fostered the social and hygienic welfare of its employees, and the people of Sulphur City. The marshy area surrounding the dome was drained and cottages were built for the workers.
Each home had artesian water piped to it. This service was rendered free of charge. The water was treated and filtered; therefore, everyone had an ample supply for drinking, cooking, and bathing. In the Company employed J. Taylor, a refrigeration engineer from New Orleans, to install and to maintain an ice plant. As production mounted, the personnel increased and approximately sixty per cent of the employees resided in Sulphur City. In addition to draining the area adjacent to the dome the company spent thousands of dollars on a drainage system for the town of Sulphur which was located two and a half miles southwest of the mine area.
This company has complied with every state law concerning labor regulations and has gone beyond the legal standards set up for an adequate living. In fact the Union Sulphur Company was considered a pioneer in social welfare by both labor and management organizations. In an eight-hour day was adopted, as some employees had a ten-hour position while others at pumping stations worked twelve hours.
This caused the Company to hire practically one-third more people. In addition to shortening the working day, it set up a minimum pay rate which insured the workers as much money, perhaps more, than they made for longer hours. An unskilled person would not earn less than three dollars a day, while skilled mechanics received from four to eight dollars a day. During this year the Company employed persons, five of whom were women. Mexican laborers received nineteen cents an hour in , while a driller received twenty-five cents an hour during the same year.
By the unskilled worker received the amount cited above, while drillers were paid an average of seventy-five cents and hour. In the average driller received one dollar an hour. There were some exceptions such as William Petty, an outstanding driller.
He was employed at fifty cents an hour in , and in his rate was one dollar per hour. The Union Sulphur Company sawmill workers ranged from thirty-five to sixty cents per hour, and those with a team received seventy-five cents an hour.
The children of the regular workers who were Louisianians were taken the two and one-half miles to the town of Sulphur to attend school.
They were transported at company expense in a Reo truck and trailer and later in modern school buses. The Sulphur Elementary School was located in town. Several years later the Frasch High School was built.
The Union Sulphur Company officials in return for good wages, adequate housing, and skillful management won the respect and full cooperation of their entire force. As a result of such measures as Christmas bonuses and special war bonuses, each employee realized that the Company was aware of his happiness.
Incidentally the Union Sulphur Company was the first large corporation to pay their employees a Christmas bonus and was among the first to institute the war bonuses. The cottages formed a model little city equipped with running water, electric lights, screened windows and porches, also sanitary conveniences.
A nominal rent, one dollar a month for each room in the house, with free water and electricity, was charges. There were no serious accidents reported, but several cases of severe burns were noted. Safety measures were instituted from the very beginning. There were approximately one thousand men employed at he Union Sulphur Company during About seventy-five per cent of the workers were natives of Louisiana, and were to be found in all departments.
The Mexicans constituted roughly fifteen per cent of the personnel at this time. The Mexicans were of the better class and were selected in Texas. They possessed amiable personality and were never antisocial. Both of these men were widely known. Pedro had a steel hook for a left hand.
A temporary elementary school was established at the Mine for the Mexican children. It began about October 4, , and had only one teacher. The last school session was held in Miss Annie Laura Guillory was the first teacher at the Mine school and the enrollment was approximately twenty-seven students.
She taught for one year and was replaced by Miss Jennie Reimers, who taught for two and a half years. Miss Alice Dugas finished the remaining year. Miss Helen Lewis held the position for the session, and Mrs.
Ola Silcott served the last two years. This community was located north of the railroad tracks. They also worked together. Lewis, foreman, reveled that they were good workers and were very cooperative. For recreation the Mexicans would fish and hunt, also have dances.
Game was abundant in this area. The Mexicans killed large amounts of fish with sticks, when the Company changed the water line from one reservoir to another. This was possible as the reservoir was practically drained. On special occasions such as September 16 th , Mexican Independence Day, dances were held in three or four homes simultaneously.
Some returned to Mexico. Frank Recky, a barber of Mexican and French extraction, is the only Mexican in Sulphur, Louisiana at the present time, who had worked for the Union Sulphur Company when it produced sulphur. On Labor Day and on the fourth of July there was a celebration in the form of a barbecue held in a grove of the cottages. There were various forms of entertainment such as boxing matches, bicycle races, climbing the greasy pole, catching the greasy pig and dancing in the pavilion.
These games were played on Sundays and on holidays in the ball park maintained by the Company. The manager of the team was John Richardson. The spectators usually contributed to help defray expenses and to entertain the players, as no admission was charged.
Basketball was also considered a major sport. The team was coached by L. The town of Sulphur, which was formerly known as Sulphur City, is located eleven miles west of Lake Charles on Highway Thomas Kleinpeter, a civil engineer, planned the town in The first settlers in this territory were Acadians. Later there was an influx from Mississippi and Alabama.
The population at this time was 1, Primary Sources. Cash Journal Sulphur, La. Snyder, J. Contemporary Newspapers and Periodicals:. American Press Lake Charles, La. Hazlett, A. New Orleans Item , June 24, New York Times, August 24, ; June 30, Willey, Day A.
Biographical Dictionaries and Encyclopedia:. Lippincott Company, Columbia Encyclopedia , 1, vol. Chicago: F. Compton and Company, Dictionary of American Biography , 20 vols. Encyclopedia Britannica , 24 vols. Encyclopedia Americana , 30 vols.
New International Encyclopedia , 23 vols. New International Year Book, 41 vols. World Book Encyclopedia, 18 vols. Chicago: The Quarril Corporation, Van Nostrand Company, Springfield, Mass. Merriam Co. General Works:. Hayne, Irman D. Louisiana State University Thesis, Fortier, Alcee, Louisiana , 2 vols.
Atlanta: Southern Historical Association, Gray, Carl William, Claude W. Sandifur, and Howard J. Herbert, S. Zim and Elizabeth W. Peterson, P. Shutts, Elmer E. Tarr, W. Thompson, James M. Walker, Talmage P. Wingfield, E. Newspapers and Periodicals:. Bacon, Raymond F. Bauernschmidt, A. Boehm, B. Burns, Homer S. Houston Chronicle, February 22, Montgomery, R. Moresi, Cyril K. Preston, Stanley Wales, and William C. The Southwest Louisiana News, January 23, State Time Baton Rouge , August 9, Thompson, Charles L.
Whiton, H. The writer was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 5, Drum Thief Derangement Of the Thinking Fluids Greedy Angels Time Stamp Body of Incus Collapsing Runways Orion Sulphur mercurated Bad Phaser Serpents The Dematerialized Passenger Lightning in her eyes Touch the Moon I can't breathe The results are likely to alienate all but the most adventureous jazz, metal, and prog fans The promo lists it as "avant industrial rock-Jazz.
What I hear is a really sludgy down-tuned rhythm driven experiment combining hard rock and lounge music in a thick heavy way and decorating the mush with flakes of freaky sax, violin, flute, and electronics. While a slew of underrated underground bands such as Godflesh or Sweet Tooth may have experimented with this kind of work, none have really made a big dent in the listening community certainly not enough to chastise Combat Astronomy for trend jumping or unoriginality.
This is not a recording for this who like the traditional guitar-bass-drum-singer heavy metal line up. I think it is a release that could possibly be acceptable for both fans of metal and experimental music. If you ever find yourself entertaining such an awkward mix, you can be prepared. There are times when the saxophonist's reed bites almost resemble punker James Chance's attempts at Free Jazz, but Archer has certainly proven his superiority to Chance many other places.
High octane performances and on a higher level than your average rock-fusion session ….. Aber halt: Schlagzeug?А ещё у Combat Astronomy есть "haunting female vocals" от Elaine di Falco (Caveman Shoestore/Thinking Plague) - воздушный, неземной вокал, который придаёт всему басящему процессу многомерность и загадочную утончённость.